What is Typhoid?
Typhoid fever is an infection that is caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi. It is common in developing countries with poor sanitation and low standards of hygiene.
How is it transmitted?
Typhoid is most often transmitted by eating food or drinking water that has been contaminated with the feces of an infected person. Examples include:
- Eating food or drinking beverages that have been handled by a person who is infected.
- Drinking water that has been contaminated with sewage.
- Eating shellfish taken from sewage-polluted areas, or eating raw fruits and vegetables, which may have been fertilized with human waste.
What are the symptoms?
- Symptoms usually appear one to three weeks after being infected.
- Some people develop no symptoms, while others may develop symptoms such as fever, headache, constipation or diarrhea, fatigue, and loss of appetite.
- In more severe cases, symptoms may worsen and cause life threatening complications such as enlargement of the liver and spleen or intestinal bleeding.
Can typhoid fever be treated?
Typhoid fever can be treated with antibiotics.
Where is typhoid fever a concern?
The highest risk for typhoid fever among travellers is in South Asia although other areas of risk include Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Central and South America. Speak with one of our Travel Health Specialists about the risk of typhoid fever in the region you are visiting.
Travel Consultation Details
Our consultations typically last about 30 minutes and include a comprehensive itinerary and specific topics about your journey. Our Travel Medicine Specialists will discuss recommendations (from the CDC, WHO and other sources) and requirements based on your destinations, activities, time of year, altitude and medical history. Our consultation rooms are private and comfortable. You can usually schedule an appointment on short notice and we will do our best to accommodate you after hours.
As a one-stop travel medicine clinic, Summit Travel Health carries all travel vaccines necessary to protect you on your vacation, safari, mission trip, study abroad semester, business trip, or inter-country adoption. We can also provide antimalarial and antidiarrheal medications. And, with our variety of hard-to-find travel products in stock, you will be fully prepared for whatever challenges arise during your journey.